The feeling that the victim has is all fear-based and produces various anxieties. As a victim one become very hyper-vigilant, always anticipate the next bout of suffering. A victim always sees the problems and believes those are caused by someone or something, called a persecutor. A persecutor (when a person) tries to dominate others through blame, criticism, and/or oppression. A persecutor who seems to be fearless is also in fear of losing control. A persecutor is usually a former victim, often they fear becoming a victim again. The rescuer is someone who as the name suggests would save the victim from the persecutor. Rescuer treats the victim as helpless and with no capacity of their own.
So far all seems to be much known to us. In the Dreaded Drama Triangle (DDT), the most surprising fact is these three roles, Victim (V), Persecutor (P) and Rescuer(R) doesn’t stay the same. As the victim accuses the persecutor of the sufferings, the persecutor in turn starts to believe that it is the victim responsible for the situation – the victim becomes the new persecutor and the persecutor becomes the new victim. Among couples when the wife accuses the husband, at some point the husband starts accusing the wife (or vice versa) – is a good example of the role shift of victim and persecutor.
Now let’s come to the Rescuer. The rescuer is often a friend who is listening to the complaints from the victim (the wife or the husband) and feeling the urge to fix the problem for the victim. Rescuers find their purpose of life by “being there” and “saving the world” – they fear abandonment if they are not useful. As I mentioned earlier, the rescuer thinks the victim as incapable of solving his/her own issue and often offers help or advice to the victim. If the victim doesn’t follow their advice the rescuer gets upset and blames the victim – the role shift happens once again, the rescuer becomes the victim and the victim becomes the persecutor.
In the Victim orientation, when a problem becomes acute, people feel the anxiety to do something about it and so react to address it, this helps to lessen the acuteness of the problem causing to lessen the anxiety; hence the victim becomes relaxed. When the problem arises again the same cycle of Problem->Anxiety->Reaction repeats, the problem never goes away.
So what does really work to solve a “problem”? The Power of TED* suggests a concept called Creator orientation that I’ll describe soon in part 2.
[Reference: The Power of TED* The Empowerment Dynamic]